Having epilepsy does not mean you cannot be physically active. On the contrary, exercise is good for you! It improves overall health and well-being. Regular exercise has been shown to have a positive effect on improving seizure control. Breathing is deeper during physical activity, increasing oxygen flow to the body and brain. In terms of mental health, physical activity is generally stimulating, relieves symptoms of depression and puts people in a better mood.
However, some activities are not recommended for epileptics, such as climbing, scuba diving and skydiving. You should not swim alone irrespective of whether or not you have epilepsy and you should wear a life jacket when you do water sports and activities.
On the whole, sports and physical exercise are fun, enjoyable activities. We encourage you do them so that you stay physically fit. To ensure your safety, there are some restrictions you must follow.
We recommend following the Éduc’alcool guidelines. However, it is important that drinking alcohol does not interfere with taking antiepileptic medication or any other regular medication. Some medications can slow the elimination of alcohol from the blood, prolonging its effects, such as fatigue, decreased concentration and gastrointestinal side effects.
Alcohol can reduce the absorption of medication or accelerate its elimination. This reduces the therapeutic effects of the medication, increasing the risk of seizure recurrence.
Lastly, alcohol can reduce the body’s ability to eliminate the medication, which can lead to an overdose of the medication in the blood and side effects from toxicity.
A national committee of experts, which included Éduc’alcool’s advisor, has developed specific low-risk drinking guidelines. They have been reviewed by leading scientists from three continents and endorsed by an impressive number of public and private organizations.
The following recommendations were developed based on these consultations:
To drink in moderation and prevent long-term problems, women should limit themselves to 2 drinks a day and 10 a week. For men, the limits are 3 drinks a day and 15 a week. That’s the 2-3 part of the formula.
Of course, there is no harm in drinking a little more than that every now and then. On a special occasion, for example, women may have 3 drinks and men, 4, provided, of course, that such “special occasions” don’t occur too frequently. That’s the 3-4 part.
Lastly, to prevent physical and psychological addiction, the recommendation is that everyone should abstain from drinking at least one day a week. That’s the 0.
Alcohol at a young age can interfere with physical and mental development, so it’s better to wait as long as possible before drinking. Teens who do begin to drink should do so only under parental supervision and have no more than 2 drinks at a time – and never more than twice a week.
Do not increase your drinking to the upper limit, since the benefits for preventing certain diseases are greatest at less than 1 drink a day.
Plan non-drinking days every week to minimize the risk of tolerance and addiction.
People with reduced tolerance, whether due to low body weight, their age (under 25 or over 65) or not being accustomed to drinking alcohol should set limits that are below the limits proposed for the general population.
The risk of injury increases with each additional drink in many situations
Drink at the upper limit only occasionally and always stay within the weekly limits
Have no more than 2 standard drinks in any 3-hour period
Drink with meals and not on an empty stomach. The presence of food will slow down the absorption of alcohol but absorption will not be any less complete
Alternate alcoholic drinks with caffeine-free, non-alcoholic beverages
Avoid risky situations and activities when drinking
For women who are pregnant, planning to become pregnant or about to breastfeed, it is safest not to drink at all. Alcohol in the mother’s blood can harm the developing fetus. While the risk associated with light drinking during pregnancy appears to be very low, there is no level of alcohol use during pregnancy that has been definitively proven to be safe. Women who are breastfeeding should not drink alcohol just before nursing. Some of the alcohol passes into breast milk and may affect their baby. Women who plan to drink alcohol can pump their breast milk or nurse before drinking.
There are situations when it’s better not to drink, such as:
When you are making important decisions;
When you are doing any kind of dangerous physical activity;
When you are operating a motor vehicle or using machinery and mechanical or electrical equipment;
When you are responsible for the safety of others;
When you are taking medications that interact with alcohol;
When you have mental or physical health problems;
When you have problems with alcohol dependence.
Set limits for yourself and stick to them!
For every drink of alcohol, have one non-alcoholic drink.
Eat before and while you are drinking.
Plan to drink in a safe environment.
There many reasons why people use drugs. However, people have misconceptions about addiction and the risks of drug use.
Justification or excuse
My life is stressful. Drugs help me cope!
Drugs are not the way to deal with stress. They change the way the brain works. This can lead to depression, anxiety and other mental illnesses. If someone already has a mental health illness, drugs can make their condition worse.
The best way to solve a stress-related problem is to deal with it without using drugs. Try to identify what is causing your stress and find a healthier way to cope with it. Doing physical activity is a good way to get rid of unhealthy thoughts. Keeping busy or developing new interests are other ways you can overcome negative thoughts. It is also a good idea to talk about what is bothering you with someone who can help such as a family member or friends. There is always someone, somewhere who is willing to listen.
I was curious!
It is natural to be curious. But drugs are not worth the risk. Drugs can affect your judgment and decision-making skills, which could lead you to join in dangerous activities.
You know, a person isn’t going to jump off a 20-story building just to see if it will kill him or not … !
Everybody else is doing it. I want to fit in!
People may consider doing drugs because they think it will help them fit in. Drugs can be a waste of time and money, leaving little of either to spend with friends, do activities and be able to afford what you need for everyday life. Drugs tend to make people shut off from other people.
You don’t have to do what other people do just to stay friends with them. You have to have your own personality. That’s much more attractive to other people.
People may think that avoiding drugs might make you unpopular. However, it is much healthier to show your real personality through the activities you do and your friends.
I saw it on television or in a movie! It’s not dangerous!
What people think is popular can be strongly influenced by television shows and movies. Their images of drug use are unrealistic.
These media images rarely show the true consequences of drug use. In real life, using drugs often leads to poor performance at school or work, personality changes, conflicts with family and friends, health problems, possible injury or death, etc.
I am not addicted. I can stop any time! ... yeah, right!
Even the people who are now addicted to drugs once believed they could stop using any time. Once addicted, it can be very difficult to stop. Stopping can trigger withdrawal symptoms, which may be very unpleasant and dangerous. People often begin to use drugs again in order to avoid these symptoms.
If a person becomes addicted, recognizing it is the first step to recovery. Consult the right resources, such as a health care provider or specialized therapist, or turn to support lines to start the recovery process. Where there’s a will, there’s a way!
One in every four young people says they have taken a prescription drug at least once in their life to get high. This is a growing trend among young people in recent years. It is seen more in teenagers and young adults.
Looking for thrills and with little money to spend, young people turn to what they can get easily to satisfy their desires. They take combinations of drugs they find in the family medicine cabinet with alcohol and think that there won’t be any serious consequences. They think that a drug that has been approved on the market is safer than an illegal drug. However, when prescription drugs are not taken properly, they are not any safer than illegal drugs. Both are dangerous and using drugs for non-medicinal purposes carries serious risks such as poisoning, dependence, overdose and death.
Some drugs are more likely to be abused than others. It is our responsibility to be careful with any drugs we have, especially painkillers, antidepressants, stimulants and cough syrups that contain dextromethorphane. These are the drugs young people look for.
Government of Canada
In Quebec, driving a road vehicle is a privilege, not a right. The Société de l’assurance automobile du Québec (SAAQ) controls access to driver’s licences. The SAAQ establishes rules to obtain and maintain this privilege. The rules were established after consulting professional organizations that designated competent professionals to provide information that could influence the assessment with respect to medical standards for drivers.
Driver’s licence classes:
Licence classes are numbered 1 to 6, and 8. Each class corresponds to a specific category of vehicle. Classes 5 and 6 authorize the holder to drive a passenger vehicle or recreational vehicle. Classes 1 to 4 and Class 8 are commercial classes such as heavy trucks or patrol cars.
See the Société de l’assurance automobile du Québec’s guide to driver fitness assessment (French only)
Eligibility for a driver’s licence:
Before you can hold a licence to drive a car, you must obtain a learner's licence, successfully complete a driving course given by a driving school recognized by the Association québécoise des transports (AQTr) and then pass the SAAQ's knowledge and road tests. To obtain a Class 5 licence, you must be at least 16 years of age and have the consent of your father, mother or legal guardian if you are under 18 years of age. Other conditions apply. For more information, go to the SAAQ website.
Conditions that can be added to a driver's licence:
The SAAQ can add certain conditions to a driver’s licence. The purpose of these conditions is to make driving safer by:
Conditions that can be added to a driver’s licence
The holder must wear eyeglasses or contact lenses while driving
The holder must drive between sunrise and sunset
The holder must wear a hearing aid when driving (Class 2, 4A, 4B or 4C)
The holder must undergo a medical examination every 5 years
The holder must undergo a medical examination every 6 months
The holder must undergo a medical examination every year
The holder must undergo a medical examination every 2 years
The holder must drive a vehicle with a net weight of less than 2,500 kg
The holder must drive a vehicle fitted with an alcohol ignition interlock device (breathalyzer) following a medical diagnosis
The holder must drive a vehicle with an automatic transmission
The holder must drive a vehicle with power steering
The holder must drive a vehicle with power brakes
The holder must wear a hearing aid when driving a vehicle transporting dangerous substances
The holder must wear a safety harness while driving
The holder is prohibited from driving a vehicle transporting dangerous substances
The holder must drive a vehicle with hand-operated controls
The holder must drive a vehicle with a manual control to adjust the brightness of the headlights
The holder must drive a vehicle with an accelerator on the left side
The holder is subject to other medical restrictions
The holder must drive a vehicle with controls adapted to the holder's handicap
The holder is prohibited from driving a heavy vehicle (Class 1, 2, 3 or 4B) in the United States, since the driver does not meet American standards with regard to the health of drivers
The holder must drive a vehicle fitted with an alcohol ignition interlock device (breathalyzer) following a criminal conviction for alcohol-impaired driving
The holder must comply with the zero-alcohol rule
* Conditions D, E, F and G do not appear on the licence, but are indicated in the holder's driving record. A description or additional information about these conditions can be consulted by authorized SAAQ employees.
** Conditions I, X and Y cannot be assigned to a learner's licence.
*** Condition S is defined as follows on the back of the licence: “Autre condition” (meaning “other condition”). A description of the condition is provided in the holder's driving record.
Screening for health problems in drivers
Information that must be provided in a driver’s medical assessment:
The SAAQ’s decision must be based on accurate, recent information. It only accepts information that dates from the past year. In his report, the health professional must provide sufficient information about the following points from his area of expertise:
Note also that the result of a road test may take precedence over a health professional’s opinion that is based on an office assessment only.
Legal aspects of the driver’s medical assessment:
Regulation respecting the health of drivers:
Epilepsy / seizure / loss of consciousness:
Epilepsy, if less than 5 years have elapsed since the last seizure, is essentially inconsistent with driving a road vehicle of Class 1 to Class 4, unless the affected person:
Epilepsy, if less than 6 months have elapsed since the last seizure, is essentially inconsistent with driving a road vehicle of Class 5, Class 6 or Class 8, unless the affected person:
Convulsive seizures or loss of consciousness provoked by toxic substances or alcohol are essentially inconsistent with driving a road vehicle of Class 1 to Class 4 if a period of less than 12 months has elapsed since the last seizure or loss of consciousness, during which period the person abstained from the substance that caused the seizures or the loss of consciousness.
Convulsive seizures or loss of consciousness provoked by toxic substances or alcohol are essentially inconsistent with driving a road vehicle of Class 5, Class 6 or Class 8 if a period of less than 6 months has elapsed since the last seizure or loss of consciousness, during which period the person abstained from the substance that caused the seizures or the loss of consciousness.
A single convulsive seizure without evident cause after a neurological and cardiac investigation, including an electroencephalogram showing no epileptic activity, is essentially inconsistent with driving a road vehicle of Class 1 to Class 4 if a period of less than 12 months has elapsed without any seizure or loss of consciousness.
A single convulsive seizure without evident cause after a neurological and cardiac investigation, including an electroencephalogram showing no epileptic activity, is essentially inconsistent with driving a road vehicle of Class 5, Class 6 or Class 8 if a period of less than 3 months has elapsed without any seizure or loss of consciousness.
One or more episodes of non-convulsive loss of consciousness or one or more episodes of syncope the cause of which remains unknown after medical investigation or for which there is no efficient treatment are essentially inconsistent with driving a road vehicle of Class 1 to Class 4 if a period of less than 12 months has elapsed without any loss of consciousness or syncope.
Episodes of non-convulsive loss of consciousness or syncope the cause of which remains unknown after medical investigation or for which there is no efficient treatment are essentially inconsistent with driving a road vehicle of Class 5, Class 6 or Class 8 if a period of less than 3 months has elapsed without any loss of consciousness or syncope.
In short… for a Class 5,6 or 8 licence (epilepsy / seizure / loss of consciousness)
Focal non-dyscognitive epileptic seizures
OK to drive 6 months after the first seizure
OK to drive if this type of seizure has persisted without any other type of seizure for 12 months
An interruption or change in the treatment prescribed by a physician / well controlled epilepsy
No driving for 3 months after the last seizure and treatment has resumed
Epileptic seizure in exceptional circumstances
No driving for 3 months after the last seizure
Epileptic seizure at night without any other type of seizure for at least 12 months
OK to drive 6 months after the first seizure
OK to drive if this type of seizure has persisted without any other type of seizure for 12 months
Convulsive seizures or loss of consciousness provoked by toxic substances or alcohol
No driving for 6 months after the last seizure or loss of consciousness and the person must not consume the substance that caused the seizures or loss of consciousness
A single convulsive seizure without evident cause
No driving until a period of at least 3 months has passed without any seizures or loss of consciousness
One or more episodes of non-convulsive loss of consciousness or syncope the cause of which remains unknown after medical investigation or for which there is no efficient treatment
No driving until a period of at least 3 months has passed without any loss of consciousness or syncope
The patient is responsible for not driving when he is experiencing side effects from his prescription drug that affect his condition and his ability to drive.
Every one commits an offence who operates a motor vehicle […] or has the care or control of a motor vehicle […], whether it is in motion or not:
The zero alcohol rule applies to:
Reminder: Drinking too much alcohol can be causal factor in seizure recurrence
The SAAQ does not make a distinction between recreational and medical marijuana.
The onset and duration of the effects of marijuana (according to Health Canada data).
Inhalation / vaporization
Oral ingestion /oil
onset of effects
a few minutes
30 to 60 minutes
duration of effects
2 to 4 hours
8 to 12 hours
Duration of effects on driving ability (unsafe driving)
Duration of effects on driving
Driving under the influence of a substance, whether prescribed or not, is illegal under Canada’s Criminal Code.
In some women with epilepsy, hormonal fluctuations can have an impact on seizure frequency. In these patients, puberty, fluctuations associated with hormonal cycles, oral contraceptives, pregnancy and the perimenopausal period are all clinical situations that can affect epilepsy control.
Catamenial epilepsy refers to seizures that occur during the perimenstrual period, generally when progesterone levels are low and estrogen levels are high, typically from day -3 to day +3, where day 0 is the first day of the menstrual period.
Some medications reduce the effectiveness of the pill and a second method of contraception is needed to ensure protection. They include: carbamazepine CR or regular (Tegretol), phenytoin (Dilantin), phenobarbital, primidone (Mysoline), and topiramate (Topamax) at doses higher than 200 mg/day.
Oral contraceptives reduce serum levels of lamotrigine (Lamictal), potentially reducing its efficacy. This means that the dose of lamotrigine may need to be increased.
Barrier methods (condoms), IUDs (Mirena or copper IUD) and surgical methods (tubal ligation) are equally effective in women with epilepsy as in the general population. For women with epilepsy, some particularities regarding combined oral contraceptives (the pill) must be considered.
Women with epilepsy can become pregnant and most pregnancies go smoothly. It is important to talk to your neurologist about pregnancy, ideally before you get pregnant but if not, then as soon as you know that you are pregnant. You should not make changes to your medication without discussing it with your neurologist first.
Most importantly, major seizures (generalized tonic-clonic seizures or grand mal seizures) must be prevented during pregnancy because they can reduce blood and oxygen flow to the fetus. To do so, continue taking your medication as prescribed. Being seizure free in the 9 months prior to pregnancy is also known to be a predictive factor for being seizure free during pregnancy. Other recommendations given to people with epilepsy also apply to women with epilepsy who are pregnant, for example, avoid alcohol and make sure you get enough sleep.
In some cases, your neurologist may decide to increase the doses of some anti-epileptic drugs because some medications are eliminated by the body faster during pregnancy.
Antiepileptic drugs can increase the risk of fetal malformations. It should be noted that:
This is why a planned pregnancy is always best. Your medication can be adjusted with your neurologist to minimize the risk of fetal malformations.
The postpartum period can be challenging for all women and women with epilepsy are no exception.
Postpartum depression and anxiety
Postpartum depression and anxiety are complications that can affect anyone during the postpartum period. It is vital for your and your baby’s health that you talk to a health professional if you think you have these symptoms.
Sleep is a major issue during the postpartum period and for women with epilepsy, sleep deprivation can have harmful effects on seizure control. It is important to find solutions that are right for you so that you get the rest you need, for example, accept help from your family/friends/partner, take naps during the day, etc.
There are no contraindications to breastfeeding. There are multiple benefits for the mother’s and the baby’s health (lower risk of postpartum depression). Some medication passes into breast milk but less than the amount the baby was receiving in the mother’s womb. The decision to breastfeed is a personal choice. Being able to share night feeds with someone else so that the mother can sleep may be factor to consider.
Here are a few recommendations for patients with uncontrolled epilepsy to prevent accidents in the event of a seizure:
The prevalence of psychiatric disorders is higher in people with a neurological disorder than in the general population. Epilepsy can be accompanied by cognitive disorders, behavioural disorders, learning disabilities or other conditions associated with psychiatric or psychological disorders.
Epilepsy clinics increasingly screen their patients so that symptoms of disabling depression and anxiety can be managed from the outset. These are excellent initiatives that can prevent psychiatric complications in patients with epilepsy.
Many epilepsies have also been found to be associated with physical comorbidities such as diabetes and high blood pressure. Epilepsy clinics work with other specialties and family doctors. Together, we will identify these disorders at an early stage, make a diagnosis and ensure appropriate management. It is important to be informed and to be alert to symptoms without, however, thinking about them constantly so that they become a source of worry.
Various aspects of epilepsy can affect school performance. The main ones are seizures, antiepileptic drugs, the emotional and psychological effects of epilepsy and the number of missed days. They have an impact on memory and concentration, two abilities essential to academic success.
Of course, seizures have a major impact on learning and therefore on school performance. They affect the ability to retain information, the ability to concentrate and can even have significant physical effects. These are certainly not optimal conditions for learning.
For some people, seizures will have an impact on memory. Depending on the type of seizures and seizure frequency, memory may be affected to a greater or lesser degree. Since different areas of the brain perform different functions, seizures in the left temporal lobe will not have the same impact as those in the frontal lobe.
Lastly, after a seizure, it is often difficult to remember what happened before the seizure and it may take a while to recover. So, when epilepsy affects memory, learning becomes a real challenge. However, a number of techniques can help offset these memory problems. For example, you can:
Seizures can affect your concentration both during a seizure and afterwards. Of course, it is impossible to concentrate during the seizure. After a seizure, you might feel tired, which will affect your ability to concentrate.
If you have problems with concentration because of your epilepsy, it would be better to ask a colleague to take notes for you during classes. Also, try to figure out when you are able to concentrate well and do tasks that require a lot of concentration at these times.
Some seizures may have physical effects because they can cause injuries (atonic) or because they are physically draining (tonic-clonic). They are also often associated with headaches. In these conditions, seizures will affect learning because they can take time to recover from and this means young people will have to either miss days of classes or put their work off until later.
After a seizure, it is normal to feel tired. This makes it hard to go about your activities immediately afterwards. It is better to rest and take time to recover. Tiredness can affect learning and school performance because you have to stop the activity you were doing and take it up later. Lastly, seizures sometimes occur during the night which can mean that you don’t get a good night’s sleep. This can make it harder for you to go about your day-to-day activities.
Antiepileptic drugs have various adverse effects that can affect school performance. For example, the side effects often reported are fatigue, drowsiness or a slowing down effect. Difficulties with concentration and memory are also recognized side effects of antiepileptic drugs. These effects have an impact on learning because they cause periods of inattention, which makes learning challenging. Learning may take longer for a person with epilepsy because of fatigue and concentration problems associated with medication.
Epilepsy can cause anxiety because of the unpredictable nature of seizures. Even if you try to avoid seizure triggers, they cannot be prevented 100%. A seizure can happen without warning or without a trigger. This can make people with epilepsy feel stressed or anxious. This has repercussions on concentration and memory which are essential to learning. So the emotional effects of epilepsy also have an impact on learning.
Like any chronic illness, epilepsy means more medical appointments. This means that young people with epilepsy will miss more days of school. As a result, they may fall behind in their school work. They may be able to make it up without affecting their school performance. However, it is better to manage the situation before academic problems arise. To do so, the person’s needs must be evaluated. Sometimes, simply having a friend bring you your homework can be enough. In other cases, it might be better to inform the teacher so that adjustments can be made if necessary. Discussing the situation with your teacher can be very helpful.
All universities provide services for students with disabilities. Epilepsy is seldom referred to outright in these various programs. However, if you read carefully, you will see that it is included. To find out more about the services, accommodations or scholarships offered at your university, go to their respective web pages and make an appointment with an advisor. He/she will be able to provide guidance and develop an accommodations plan to make going to university as straightforward as possible.
Université de Montréal: Soutien aux étudiants en situation d’handicap (SESH)
To find out if you are eligible and to learn more about the services offered, make an appointment with an advisor at 514 343-7928.
UQÀM: Service d’accueil et de soutien aux étudiants en situation d’handicap.
To find out if you are eligible and to learn more about the services offered, make an appointment with an advisor at 514 987-3148 or go to reception at J-M870.
McGill University: Office for Students with Disabilities
Université Concordia: Access center for students with disabilities
Université de Sherbrooke: Programme d’intégration des étudiantes et étudiants et situation de handicap
Université Laval: Centre d’aide à l’accessibilité des étudiants en situation de handicap
Finding a job is a challenge for people with epilepsy. Moreover, various statistics reflect this difficulty: the unemployment rate is 2 to 4 times higher in this population than in the general population and one third of those who do find employment are employed in jobs below their qualifications. Based on these two statistics alone, it is clear that job hunting is a major issue for a person with epilepsy. The challenge is not only to get a job but to get one that fully uses their skills.
The first step to avoid difficulties is to choose the right job. First, you should know that most jobs are open to people with epilepsy. However, to choose the right job, you have to know your skills, interests and limitations. This will make it easier to find an appropriate job. If you are having trouble deciding on a career, a consultation with a career counsellor may be helpful.
It is sometimes harder for a person with epilepsy to get a job. Studies show that 25 to 75% of people say they had difficulty finding work because of their epilepsy. This statistic is supported by the higher employment rate in this population. The main problem, according to these studies, is stigmatization.
Various issues can make it harder for people with epilepsy to find a job. The main issues associated with employment are:
Ignorance and discrimination
The general population knows very little about epilepsy and employers are therefore afraid to hire people from this population. Moreover, many employers, owing to their ignorance, think that an employee with epilepsy will be less productive and will take more days off. However, recent studies show the opposite. Employees with epilepsy think they have to prove themselves and so they work harder and absenteeism rates are lower.
Ignorance about epilepsy can also lead to discrimination towards this population. Since employers know little or nothing about this neurological condition, they prefer to hire someone who does not have epilepsy. This is discriminatory. This also applies when it comes to getting a promotion. People with epilepsy do not get as many promotions. Yet they are just as qualified. If you think you have experienced discrimination, you can take legal action. An employer cannot disqualify you because of a health problem unless it means that you are not able to do the job properly.
Accommodations and safety
The work environment does not always have to be adapted for an employee with epilepsy. And even if accommodations are required, they are often minimal and require little investment from employers. However, they ensure the employee’s safety and an optimal work environment.
Accommodations can take different forms. The most common are:
Low self-esteem in people with epilepsy can affect job hunting. During interviews, you have to be able to talk about your qualities and why you are the best person for the job. If a person lacks confidence, it is harder to do this.
The decision to disclose your epilepsy is a personal one that varies depending on the situation. No employer has the right to ask you for information about your health. He can ask you questions about your physical ability to do certain tasks but cannot ask you health-related questions. It is up to you to decide whether or not it is appropriate to disclose your epilepsy and when to do so.
Different characteristics of your epilepsy can influence this decision:
For example, if you have seizures every day, it would be better to tell your employer at the outset. He will be able to make changes to your work environment or adapt your schedules to your condition. However, if you do mention it at the outset, you may not be hired. This is why, if you choose to do so, you must be ready to respond to your future employer’s concerns so that you can reassure him and show that your epilepsy will not affect your work.
If your epilepsy is well controlled, it is not always necessary to disclose it. Since it does not affect your day-to-day life, it is not always appropriate to mention it. Moreover, many people with epilepsy do not disclose it at work and go about their work without any problems. However, you must know that if you choose this option and if you have a seizure at work, people may not respond in the right way. Furthermore, your employer may feel betrayed and the relationship of trust will be affected.
Good self-esteem is essential to be able to take on new projects. It also contributes to a good quality of life. However, some situations can affect self-esteem. This is the case for many people with epilepsy.
Various factors account for low self-esteem in people with epilepsy, such as:
A number of interventions can help people in this situation, such as: